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Chardonnay has early budding, so it is susceptible to frost. It yields highly productive and early. Chardonnay prefers soils that aren't too dry, such as limestone and calcareous clay. Chardonnay is easy to grow and the berries have thin skins.

These are generic growing characteristics of this varietal.  Rootstock selection will impact the production, ripening and growth patterns of any varietal material.


The flavor and aroma of this largely versatile wine grape largely depend on how the wine is made and where the grape is grown. The flavors can range from subtle and savory to rich and spicy. Usually, the taste is similar to Sauvignon Blanc in its level of tartness. If grown in a cool climate, the taste can be very cool and refreshing. This is the best wine for a high-quality fizz.


Chardonnay is from Saône-et-Loire, between Lych and Dyon in eastern central France.

The first know records are in 1685, in Saint-Sorlin.

Chardonnay is a natural cross between Pinot and Gouais Blanc.

The name comes from the village Chardonnay in southern Burgundy.

Chardonnay became widely popular in the late 20th century when the popularity of white wine soared.


CH 134

French 332

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